Zoning Handbook

C

Car Wash:  A structure or portion of a structure, the principal use of which is the washing of automobiles or other motor vehicles with the use of a chain or other conveyor and blower or steam cleaning device.

Caregiver: An individual who is responsible for the supervision and administration of a child development home, expanded child development home, or child/elderly development center.

Car-share Organization: A membership based service with a valid business license providing shared vehicles available twenty-four (24) hours a day, seven (7) days a week, at unattended self-serve locations.  Vehicles are provided without restriction at hourly rates that include fuel, insurance, and maintenance primarily for shorter time and shorter distance trips.

Car-sharing Space:  A parking space that is designated for the parking of a car-sharing vehicle.

Car-sharing Vehicle: Any vehicle available to multiple users who are required to join a membership organization in order to reserve and use such a vehicle, and for which they are charged based on actual use as determined by time and/or mileage.

Caterer, Catering Establishment:  A person or business that prepares and provides food, beverages, or both, along with the necessary accessories for serving these products, for consumption. The food and beverages are provided for events that are located off the business establishment's premises. Any establishment that receives more than seventy-five percent (75%) of its sales from orders placed less than three (3) hours prior to delivery or pick-up will not be considered a catering establishment.

Cellar: That portion of a story, the ceiling of which is less than four feet (4 ft.) above the adjacent finished grade.

Central Area: The area included within the combined boundaries of the Urban Renewal Plan for the Downtown Urban Renewal Area and the Urban Renewal Plan for the Shaw School Urban Renewal Area, as approved and modified periodically by the National Capital Planning Commission and the Council of the District of Columbia.

Central Employment Area (CEA): The core area of the District of Columbia where the greatest concentration of employment in the city and region is encouraged. The geographic boundaries of the CEA are detailed in the Comprehensive Plan.

Chancery:  The principal offices of a foreign mission used for diplomatic or related purposes, and annexes to such offices (including ancillary offices and support facilities), including the site and any building on such site that is used for such purposes.

Child Development Center: A building or part of a building, other than a child development home, used for the non-residential licensed care, education, counseling, or training of individuals under the age of fifteen (15) years of age and, totaling seven (7) or more persons, who are not related by blood or marriage to the caregiver and who are present for less than twenty-four (24) hours per day. This definition encompasses facilities generally known as child care centers, pre-schools, nursery schools, before-and-after school programs, and similar programs and facilities. A child development center includes the following accessory uses: counseling, education, training, and health and social services for the person or persons with legal charge of individuals attending the center, including, but not limited to, any parent, spouse, sibling, child, or legal guardian of such individuals.

Child Development Home:  A dwelling unit used in part for the licensed care, education, or training of no more than six (6) individuals fifteen (15) years of age or less including all individuals age four (4) and younger who reside in the dwelling unit.  Those individuals receiving care, education, or training who are not related by blood, marriage, or adoption to the caregiver shall be present for less than twenty-four (24) hours per day.  This definition encompasses facilities generally known as a child care center, day (2012care center, pre-school, nursery school, before-and-after school programs, and similar programs and facilities.

Clinic: A building or part of a building in which members of the medical or dental professions are associated for the purpose of conducting a joint practice of the professions. Each clinic shall contain a diagnostic center and, in addition, may contain research, educational, minor surgical, or treatment facilities; provided that all the facilities are limited to the treatment and care of out-patients.

The term "clinic" shall be limited to those buildings in which the joint practice of medical or dental professions is conducted in such a manner that all fees for services rendered are established by and paid to a common business office without direct payment of the fees to individual practitioners, and shall not include a building in which the separate and individual practice of the above professions is conducted.

Club, Private: A building and facilities or premises used or operated by an organization or association for some common avocational purpose such as, but not limited to, a fraternal, social, educational, or recreational purpose; provided, that the organization or association shall be a non-profit corporation and registered with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service; goods, services, food, and beverages shall be sold on the premises only to members and their guests; and office space and activities shall be limited to that necessary and customarily incidental to maintaining the membership and financial records of the organization.

Collocation:  The use of a single mount, tower, monopole, or site by more than one (1) antenna or telecommunications service provider.

Commission:  The Zoning Commission for the District of Columbia, unless otherwise noted.

Community Centers, Private: A building, park, playground, swimming pool, or athletic field operated by a local community organization or association.

Community Service Use:A not-for-profit use established primarily to benefit and serve the population of the community in which it is located.

Comprehensive Plan:  The Comprehensive Plan for the National Capital adopted pursuant to § 4(a) of the National Capital Planning Act of 1952, approved July 10, 1952 (66 Stat. 774, 781, 785, as amended; D.C. Official Code §§ 2-1002(a)), and §§ 203 and 423 of the District of Columbia Self-Government and Governmental Reorganization Act, approved December 24, 1973 (87 Stat. 779, 792; D.C. Official Code §§ 1-204.23, 2-1002(a)).

Continuing Care Retirement Community: A building or group of buildings providing a continuity of residential occupancy and health care for elderly persons.  This facility includes dwelling units for independent living, assisted living facilities, plus a skilled nursing care facility of a suitable size to provide treatment or care of the residents; it may include ancillary facilities for the further enjoyment, service or care of the residents.  The facility is restricted to persons sixty (60) years of age or older or couples where either the husband or wife is sixty (60) years of age or older.

Corner Store: A limited commercial and service use in residential rowhouse zones, oriented to serve the immediate neighborhood.

Cottage Food Business:  A business that:

  • Produces or packages cottage food products in a residential kitchen;
  • Sells the cottage food products in accordance with the Cottage Food Act and regulations adopted by the Department of Health; and
  • Has annual revenues from the sale of cottage food products in an amount not exceeding $25,000.

Cottage Food Product:  A food product made in compliance with the Cottage Food Act effective January 25, 2014 (D.C. Law 20-63; D.C. Official Code §§ 7-749.01 et seq.) and that is sold at a farmer’s market or other public venues.

Court: An unoccupied space, not a court niche, open to the sky, on the same lot with a building, which is bounded on two (2) or more sides by the exterior walls of the building or by two (2) or more exterior walls, lot lines, or yards. A court may also be bounded by a single curved wall of a building

Court, Closed: A court surrounded on all sides by the exterior walls of a building, or by exterior walls of a building and side or rear lot lines, or by alley lines where the alley is less than ten feet (10 ft.) in width.

Court, Height of:  The vertical distance from the lowest level of the court to the highest point of any bounding wall.

Court, Length of:  The mean horizontal distance between the open and closed end of an open court or the greater horizontal dimension of a closed court.

Court Niche: an indentation, recess, or decorative architectural treatment of the exterior wall of a building, not a court, which opens onto a street, yard, alley, or court.

Court Niche, Depth of: the greatest distance between the sides of the court niche, measured perpendicular to the line delineating the width of court niche.

Court Niche, Width of: the distance between the two (2) points created by the intersection of the sides of the court niche and the sides of the court, yard, street, or alley it abuts.

Court, Open: A court opening onto a street, yard, or an alley not less than ten feet (10 ft.) wide.

Court, Width of:  The minimum horizontal dimension substantially parallel with the open end of an open court or the lesser horizontal dimension of a closed court; or, in the case of a non-rectangular court, the diameter of the largest circle that may be inscribed in a horizontal plane within the court.