The intent of regulating campus facilities is to:
- Promote well planned and designed educational campuses;
- Encourage long-term facilities planning for these uses;
- Minimize negative impacts of campus on surrounding residential areas; and
- Provide consistency and transparency to the campus planning process.
College or University Uses
Educational use by a college or university is permitted as a special exception. The Zoning Commission (ZC) review applications and makes a determination as to whether the proposed use meets the standards and conditions that apply to the proposed use. The ZC will approve applications where the standards and conditions are met.
Campus plan uses are to be located so that they are not likely to become objectionable to neighboring property because of noise, traffic, parking, number of students or other objectionable conditions.
The following development standards apply to the maximum total density of all buildings and structures on the campus in an R, RF, RA, or RC-1 zone:
|Zone||Height (max.)||Floor Area Ratio (max.)|
|All R and RF Zones||50 ft.||1.8|
|RA-1, RA-2, RA-6,
RA-7, RA-8, RC-1
|RA-3, RA-4, RA-5,
* In calculating floor area ratio (FAR), the land area may include interior private streets and alleys within the campus boundaries, but the land area shall not include public streets and alleys.
Before an applicant can request a further processing for each college or university use, the applicant is required to first submit to the ZC for the ZC’s approval a plan for developing the campus as a whole, showing the location, height, and bulk, where appropriate. In addition, all present and proposed improvements must be shown including, but not limited to, the following:
- Buildings and parking and loading facilities;
- Screening, signs, streets, and public utility facilities;
- Athletic and other recreational facilities; and
- A description of all activities conducted or to be conducted on the campus, and of the capacity of all present and proposed campus development.
The further processing of specific buildings, structures, and uses within an approved campus plan must be processed as a special exception. However, if the campus plan approval was included in an order granting a first-stage planned unit development (PUD) for the campus, then the further processing shall be in the form of second-stage planned unit development applications filed consistent with the conditions of the approved campus plan/PUD.
Campus plan approval is based on the following criteria:
- The application will be in harmony with the general purpose and intent of the Zoning Regulations and Zoning Maps;
- The application will not tend to affect adversely the use of neighboring property, in accordance with the Zoning Regulations and Zoning Maps; and
A further processing of a campus building shall not be filed simultaneously with a full campus plan application. However, an amendment to an approved campus plan may be considered simultaneously with the further processing if determined necessary by the Zoning Commission.
Medical Campus Plan
Medical care uses to be located in two (2) or more buildings that would individually be subject to approval as a special exception may be collectively approved as a medical campus plan. A medical campus is permitted as a special exception, subject to review and approval by the Zoning Commission.
A medical campus plan must not incorporate a design review of individual buildings, but must focus on the site planning, efficient arrangement of uses and buildings, flexibility to use shared facilities, and mitigation of any adverse impacts. A medical campus plans may include hospitals, clinics, primary care offices, medical office buildings, nursing and convalescence care facilities, continuing care retirement community, related and shared parking and loading facilities, and ancillary retail and services that are customarily incidental to the uses.
The development standards for a medical campus plans are those of the zone in which the medical campus is located; however, the Zoning Commission may allow for the comprehensive allocation of FAR, shared parking and loading, and other deviations from the requirements of the regulations that result in an efficient use of land and delivery of services within the campus.
Private School Plan
Medical care uses to be located in two or more buildings that would individually be subject to approval as a special exception may be collectively approved as a medical campus plan. A medical campus is permitted as a special exception, subject to review and approval by the Zoning Commission.
Education use by a private school shall be permitted as a special exception subject to review and approval by the Board of Zoning Adjustment. The private school shall be located so that it is not likely to become objectionable to adjoining and nearby property because of noise, traffic, number of students, or otherwise objectionable conditions.
The development standards for a private school shall be those of the zone in which the private school is located. In calculating density, the land area shall not include public streets and alleys, but may include interior private streets and alleys within the school boundaries.
For more information on the following topics, please see the corresponding referenced sections:
- Conditions for Incidental and Adjunct Commercial Uses – Subtitle X § 101.3
- Interim Use of Land or Improved Property for College or University Function – Subtitle X § 101.10
- Permitting Small Deviations from Approved Plans – Subtitle X § 101.5
- Special Exception Use of a Commercial Property by a College or University – Subtitle X § 102
- Medical Campus Plans – Subtitle X § 103
- School Plan Requirements – Subtitle X § 105