Zoning Handbook

The vehicle parking regulations are intended to:

  • Ensure that vehicular parking areas are located,
    accessed, and designed to minimize negative
    impacts on adjacent property, urban design, the
    pedestrian environment, and public spaces;
  • Ensure that vehicle parking areas are safe and
    accessible; and
  • Ensure that surface parking areas are planted and
    landscaped to be compatible with their
    surroundings, and to reduce environmental
    impacts.

Any building permit application for new construction or
an addition to an existing building must be
accompanied by a detailed parking plan demonstrating
full compliance with the vehicle parking regulations.

Vehicle Parking

The Zoning Administrator may request that the District Department of Transportation review and make
recommendations regarding the vehicle parking plan prior to approving the building permit application.

No certificate of occupancy will be issued unless the vehicle parking spaces have been constructed in accordance with the approved parking plans.

Parking Requirements

Use Category Minimum number of vehicle parking spaces
Agriculture, large 1.67 per 1,000 sq. ft.
Agriculture, residential None
Animal sales, care and boarding 1 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft.
Antennas None
Arts, design, and creation 1 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft.
Basic utilities 0.33 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft.
Chancery 0.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft., or as determined by the Foreign Mission Board of Zoning Adjustment.
Community-based institutional facility 1 per 1,000 sq. ft.
Daytime care 0.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. with a minimum of 1 space required.
Eating and drinking establishments 1.33 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft. A minimum of 1 parking space shall be required for a food delivery service.
Education, college/university For each building: 2 for each 3 teachers; plus either 1 for each 10 classroom seats or 1 for each 12 stadium seats or 1 for each 10 auditorium seats, whichever is greater, except if a campus plan has been approved by the Zoning Commission or the Board of Zoning Adjustment for the college or university, in which case the parking shall be provided as set forth in the approved campus plan.
Education, private Elementary and middle school:  2 for each 3 teachers and other employees;
High school and accessory uses:  2 for each 3 teachers and other employees, plus either 1 for each 20 classroom seats or 1 for each 10 seats in the largest auditorium, gymnasium or area usable for public assembly, whichever is greater.
Education, public 0.25 per 1,000 sq. ft.
Emergency shelter 0.5 per 1,000 sq. ft.
Entertainment, assembly, and performing arts 2 per 1,000 sq. ft.
Firearm sales 1.33 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 5,000 sq. ft.
Government, large-scale None
Government, local 0.5 space per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 2,000 sq. ft. with a minimum of 1 space required; except: Public recreation and community center:  0.25 space per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 2,000 sq. ft. with a minimum of 1 space required; and Kiosk public library – no requirement.
Medical care 1 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft., with a minimum of 1 space required.
Institutional, general 1.67 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 5,000 sq. ft.
Institutional, religious 1 for each 10 seats of occupancy capacity in the main sanctuary; provided, that where the seats are not fixed, each 7 sq. ft.  usable for seating or each 18 in. of bench if benches are provided shall be considered 1 seat.
Lodging 0.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft.
Marine 0.5 per 1,000 sq. ft.
Motor vehicle-related 2 per 1,000 sq. ft.
Office 0.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft., except: a medical or dental office, clinic, or veterinary hospital: 1 per 1,000 sq. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft.
Parking None
Parks and recreation 0.5 per 1,000 sq. ft.
Production, distribution, repair 1 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft., except warehouse or storage facility – 1 per 3,000 sq. ft.
Residential, single dwelling unit 1 per principal dwelling.
Residential, flat 1 per 2 dwelling units.
Residential, multiple dwelling unit 1 per 3 dwelling units in excess of 4 units, except: 1 per 2 dwelling units for any R or RF zone; 1 per 6 units of publicly assisted housing, reserved for the elderly and/or handicapped.
Retail 1.33 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft.
Service, general 1.33 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft.
Service, financial 1.33 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 3,000 sq. ft.
Sexually-based business establishment 1.67 per 1,000 sq. ft. in excess of 5,000 sq. ft.
Transportation infrastructure None
Waste-related services 1 per 1,000 sq. ft.

For more information on the following topics, please see the corresponding referenced sections:

  • Minimum Parking Requirements for Additions to Existing Buildings or Structures – Subtitle C § 704
  • Minimum Parking Requirements for an Expansion or Change of Use Within an Existing Building or Structure – Subtitle C § 705
  • Mitigation for Parking Significantly in Excess of the Minimum Requirement – Subtitle C §  707
  • Exceptions from Parking Size, Layout and Maintenance Requirements for Attendant Parking – Subtitle C § 717